نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 پژوهشگر دکتری، گروه معماری منظر، دانشکدۀ معماری، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.
2 استاد مدعو دانشگاه خلیج فارس، دانشکدۀ معماری و شهرسازی، بوشهر، ایران.
3 استادیار، عضو هیئت علمی دانشکدۀ معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره)، قزوین، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
From ancient times until now, roofs have been an important space in Iranian cities, with many functional and meaningful roles. However, nowadays, in most Iranian cities, these significant capacities have been completely neglected. On the other hand, Iranian cities have always been attractive destinations for tourists due to their unique spatial, social, identity, and cultural characteristics. But with the arrival of modernism and its belongings in Iranian cities and fundamental changes in their texture, these cities have lost many of their attractions to tourists. According to the authors of this article, roofs give quality to urban spaces. Therefore, by examining the roof space of buildings in a special way, this article aims to answer this question: How roof spaces can develop and strengthen tourism in Iranian cities? In this regard, the background of this field and library sources were examined. For this purpose, documents, including travelogues, cinema, and images of urban spaces were scrutinized. The results indicate that due to the increase in the number of high-rise buildings, especially in big cities like Tehran, paying attention to the capacity of the roof space of these buildings gives visitors better views of the city. Due to their spatial integrity and location at a height, they also allow their users to have all kinds of events and create social interactions in direct connection with the nature of the city. This, in turn, creates a lasting image of the destination city in the minds of tourists, tied to natural elements, various activities, and social interactions. Therefore, in general, the main roles of roofs for the development of tourism in Iranian cities can be expressed in the four factors of developing social interactions, strengthening the connection of tourists with the nature of the destination city, creating a suitable mental image of the city, and increasing the quality of the experience of the urban space.