نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
پژوهشگر دکتری معماری منظر، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Human beings, to diagnose for recognition of their beliefs and opinions, have always expressed the mental concepts hidden in them in a symbolic and allegorical way and in the form of specific actions called “ritual”. Rituals have played a significant role in restating the cultural components of societies and cultural groups. Moreover, they are considered as important tourist attractions of ancient civilizations such as Iran. Landscape as a multi-capacity form of cognition provides the opportunity of awareness of important aspects of ritual tourism and re-reading the roots, capabilities, and different types of rituals to provide new horizons in the field of tourism development. The current article aims to study examine the different dimensions of ritual landscapes and use its capabilities and attractions by adopting a landscape tourism approach to ritual places and events., which is discussed by examining examples of ritual landscapes in Iran.
Throughout history, human beings have created myths and used rituals to meet their material and semantic needs. Rituals, as a practical form of beliefs, have three physical, semantic, and social aspects that are formed by the superposition combination of three factors of human, human environment, and nature. Continuity of beliefs and meanings, the possibility of recognizing cultural and identity components, and improving the social and participatory quality of tourism, are among the capabilities of ritual landscapes in improving the tourism experience. Adopting the view of landscape tourism in addressing the role of rituals and promoting the position of tourists from mere observers to activists in interaction and communication with the environment has led to the question of what and why the rituals to recognize and achieve cultural meanings and values hidden in them.